Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of wall shear stress (WSS) as a predictor of ascending aorta (AAo) growth at 5 years or greater follow-up. Background: Aortic 4-dimensional flow cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) can quantify regions exposed to high WSS, a known stimulus for arterial wall dysfunction. However, its association with longitudinal changes in aortic dilation in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is unknown. Methods: This retrospective study identified 72 patients with BAV (age 45 ± 12 years) who underwent CMR for surveillance of aortic dilation at baseline and ≥5 years of follow-up. Four-dimensional flow CMR analysis included the calculation of WSS heat maps to compare regional WSS in individual patients with population averages of healthy age- and sex-matched subjects (database of 136 controls). The relative areas of the AAo and aorta (in %) exposed to elevated WSS (outside the 95% CI of healthy population averages) were quantified. Results: At a median follow-up duration of 6.0 years, the mean AAo growth rate was 0.24 ± 0.20 mm/y. The fraction of the AAo exposed to elevated WSS at baseline was increased for patients with higher growth rates (>0.24 mm/y, n = 32) compared with those with growth rates <0.24 mm/y (19.9% [IQR: 10.2%-25.5%] vs 5.7% [IQR: 1.5%-21.3%]; P = 0.008). Larger areas of elevated WSS in the AAo and entire aorta were associated with higher rates of AAo dilation >0.24 mm/y (odds ratio: 1.51; 95% CI: 1.05-2.17; P = 0.026 and odds ratio: 1.70; 95% CI: 1.01-3.15; P = 0.046, respectively). Conclusions: The area of elevated AAo WSS as assessed by 4-dimensional flow CMR identified BAV patients with higher rates of aortic dilation and thus might determine which patients require closer follow-up.
- 4-dimensional flow
- aortic dilation
- bicuspid aortic valve
- wall shear stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine