Association of self-reported physical activity with obstructive sleep apnea: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Rosenda Murillo*, Kathryn J. Reid, Elva M. Arredondo, Jianwen Cai, Marc D. Gellman, Nathan M. Gotman, David X. Marquez, Frank J. Penedo, Alberto R. Ramos, Phyllis C. Zee, Martha L. Daviglus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined associations of mild and moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA; apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 5 and ≥ 15, respectively) with recommended amounts of moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) or vigorous physical activity (VPA) and by type of activity (i.e., recreational, transportation, and work activity). The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), a multicenter population-based study, enrolled individuals from 2008 to 2011 from four U.S. metropolitan areas (Bronx, New York; Chicago, Illinois; Miami, Florida; San Diego, California). Participants in this study included 14,087 self-identified Hispanic/Latino ages 18 to 74 years from the HCHS/SOL. Survey logistic regression analysis was used to compute odds ratios [OR] and 95% confidence intervals [CI], adjusting for sociodemographics, smoking status, and body mass index (BMI). Relative to being inactive, performing some MVPA (> 0 to < 150 min/week) or meeting the recommended MVPA (≥ 150 min/week) were associated with lower odds of mild OSA (ORs and 95% CIs 0.70 [0.61–0.82] and 0.76 [0.63–0.91], respectively), as well as moderate to severe OSA (ORs and 95% CIs 0.76 [0.62–0.93] and 0.76 [0.59–0.98], respectively). Associations of VPA with OSA were not significant. Engaging in medium or high levels of transportation activity was associated with lower odds of mild OSA (OR: 0.84, 95% CI: 0.74–0.96; OR: 0.64, 95% CI: 0.43–0.95, respectively). Performing some recreational MVPA was associated with lower likelihood of mild and moderate to severe OSA (OR: 0.82, 95% CI: 0.71–0.93; OR: 0.79, 95% CI: 0.64–0.97, respectively). Health promotion and OSA prevention efforts should encourage individuals to engage in at least some MVPA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-188
Number of pages6
JournalPreventive medicine
Volume93
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Hispanic Americans
  • Motor activity
  • Sleep apnea syndromes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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