Association of serum Rituximab (IDEC-C2B8) concentration and anti- tumor response in the treatment of recurrent low-grade or follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

N. L. Berinstein*, A. J. Grillo-López, C. A. White, I. Bence-Bruckler, D. Maloney, M. Czuczman, D. Green, J. Rosenberg, P. McLaughlin, D. Shen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

466 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Monoclonal antibodies are being utilized for treatment of patients with low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma as well as other cancers. Results from phase I and II clinical studies has shown that the chimeric monoclonal antibody Rituximab has minimal toxicity and significant therapeutic activity in low grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Patients and methods: We have recently reported on a multicentre pivotal phase III clinical trial involving 166 patients with recurrent low-grade lymphoma who were treated with four infusions of Rituximab. Eighty patients (48%) achieved objective responses including 10 patients (6%) with complete responses. Overall, 126 patients (76%) had a ≥ 20% reduction in overall tumor size. The median response duration and time to progression are 11.6 and 13.2 months, respectively. The infusional and long term toxicities were limited. Results: In this report we describe the pharmacokinetic data obtained on these patients. Measurable concentrations of Rituximab were detected in all patients after the first infusion and increased throughout the treatment course. The half-life of the monoclonal antibody increased from 76.3 hours after the first infusion to 205.8 hours after the fourth infusion and was concomitant with a four-fold decrease in the antibody clearance. At three months and six months post-treatment, the median Rituximab serum levels were 20.3 μg/ml (range 0.0 to 96.8 μg/ml in 104 patients) and 1.3 μg/ml (range 0.0-28.7 μg/ml in 13 patients), respectively. A statistically significant correlation was found between the median antibody concentration and response for multiple time points during the treatment and followup. The mean serum antibody concentration was also inversely correlated with measurements of tumor bulk and with the number of circulating B cells at baseline. Conclusions: We conclude that Rituximab is therapeutically effective against B-cell lymphoma. Pharmacokinetic data suggests that certain subsets of patients may possibly benefit from increased dosing and studies to address this are currently underway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)995-1001
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1998

Keywords

  • C2B8
  • Follicular lymphoma
  • IDEC
  • Immunotherapy
  • Low grade
  • MABTHERA
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • Rituxan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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