Objective: To evaluate the prevalence and associations between structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI) injury/abnormality at term-equivalent age and absent fidgety General Movements Assessment (GMA) and abnormal Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE) scores among infants born very preterm at 3-4 months of corrected age. Study design: This prospective cohort study enrolled 392 infants born ≤2 weeks of gestation from 5 neonatal intensive care units in the greater Cincinnati area between September 2016 and October 2019. Infants completed sMRI at term-equivalent age and GMA and HINE at 3-4 months of corrected age. All assessors were blinded. Results: Of 392 infants, 375 (96%) had complete data. Of these, 44 (12%) exhibited moderate or severe brain abnormalities, 17 (4.5%) had abnormal GMA, and 77 (20.3%) had abnormal HINE. Global and regional abnormality scores on sMRI were significantly correlated with GMA (R2 range 0.05-0.17) and HINE at 3-4 months of corrected age (R2 range 0.01-0.17). These associations remained significant in multivariable analyses after adjusting for gestational age and sex. There was a significant but low correlation (R2 0.14) between GMA and HINE. Conclusions: We observed a low prevalence of moderate or severe brain abnormalities in survivors born very preterm in this geographically defined cohort. The much greater prevalence of abnormal motor examination on the HINE compared with GMA and their low correlation suggests that these tests evaluate different constructs and, thus, should be used in combination with sMRI rather than interchangeably.
- Hammersmith infant neurological exam
- cerebral palsy
- general movements assessment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health