Associations between spontaneous parental perspective-taking and stimulated cytokine responses in children with asthma

Erika M. Manczak*, Cynthia S. Levine, Katherine B. Ehrlich, Devika Basu, Dan P. McAdams, Edith Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Cognitive empathy in parents-reflecting the extent to which one considers the perspectives and emotions of others-is hypothesized to contribute to family social environments in ways that affect youths' physical health. Using a novel assessment technique for cognitive empathy, the current study examined associations between spontaneous parental perspective-taking and key inflammatory processes implicated in pediatric asthma. Method: One hundred thirty children (ages 9-17) with physiciandiagnosed asthma, along with 1 parent, participated in the current study. Parents completed an interview from which statements of perspective-taking were coded and youths provided blood samples. Results: Youths whose parents demonstrated greater spontaneous perspective-taking during the interview had cells that mounted smaller inflammatory responses to stimulation by nonspecific, asthma-specific, and viral analogue ligands, as well as cells that showed greater sensitivity to the anti-inflammatory effects of glucocorticoids. These results were not accounted for by parental warmth or parent or youth depressive symptoms, nor by covariates of race, age, gender, parental education level, use of asthma medications over the past week, or asthma severity. Conclusions: These findings suggest that parental perspectivetaking may have implications for biological processes relevant to childhood asthma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)652-661
Number of pages10
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume36
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Empathy
  • Family
  • Health
  • Inflammation
  • Perspective-taking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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