Associations of Neighborhood Factors and Activity Behaviors: The Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) Study

Stella S. Yi*, Alka M. Kanaya, Ming Wen, Rienna Russo, Namratha Kandula

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Social and built environments may influence physical activity (PA). However, evidence for South Asian Americans (SAA), a group with low PA levels and high cardiometabolic risk, is lacking. We assessed the association between five neighborhood factors and PA behaviors in a community-based cohort of SAA. Data were from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) Study 2010–2013 (n = 906). Adjusted multivariable models stratified by sex regressing PA behaviors on neighborhood factors were run. Higher neighborhood social cohesion was associated with 17% more PA MET minutes/week in men (p < 0.01), but not in women. Having a park/playground near home was associated with meeting PA guidelines (odds ratio (95% CI): men: 3.14 (1.20–8.24); women: 3.67 (1.17–11.52). Neighborhood factors were associated with favorable PA behaviors in SAA. PA interventions for SAA that increase neighborhood social cohesion or focus on linking individuals with local resources may be effective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-61
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Asian/pacific islander
  • Community health
  • Environment
  • Health behavior
  • Health disparities
  • Neighborhood
  • Pa/exercise
  • Social determinants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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