Asymmetric option effects on ease of choice criticism and defense

Thomas Kramer, Michal Maimaran*, Itamar Simonson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Individuals often criticize others' choices and seek to defend their own. In theory, the ease of criticizing a particular choice should correspond to the ease of defending it. However, we demonstrate that differences in the types of arguments put forth in choice criticism and defense result in a systematic discrepancy in the ease with which these tasks are performed. Specifically, criticism arguments tend to be based on norms or conventions, and defense arguments on idiosyncratic tastes or circumstances; accordingly, whether the chosen option is perceived as un/conventional has a significantly greater effect on the ease of choice criticism than on the ease of choice defense. Furthermore, assessing the ease of choice defense increases the choice share of unconventional options, whereas judging the ease of choice criticism has only a small impact on choice. We discuss the implications of our findings with respect to research on reason-based choice in socially-intensive environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-191
Number of pages13
JournalOrganizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012


  • Criticism
  • Defense
  • Ease
  • Reason-based choice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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