Atomic imaging of the interface between M23C6-type carbide and matrix in a long-term ageing polycrystalline Ni-based superalloy

Xiaobing Hu, Y. L. Zhu, L. Z. Zhou, B. Wu, X. L. Ma*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Besides the well-known cube-on-cube orientation relationship (OR) between M23C6 carbide and matrix, we have determined a new OR named as the twin-related OR in a long-term ageing Ni-based superalloy on the basis of the extensive and detailed electron diffraction analyses. Furthermore, by means of atomic-resolution high angle annular dark-field imaging technique which is implemented in the aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscope, we elucidated the interfacial characteristics between M23C6 and matrix for above two types of ORs. Taking into account of the interfacial characteristics, we propose that the twin-related OR possesses a higher total interfacial energy. Thus, its frequency of occurrence is lower than that of the cube-on-cube OR though both ORs are usually seen in the long-term ageing samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-244
Number of pages8
JournalPhilosophical Magazine Letters
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 3 2015


  • MC-type carbide
  • Nickel-based superalloys
  • crystallographic orientation relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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