Janus kinase inhibitors (JAKis) are promising medications that the Food and Drug Administration recently approved for treatment of atopic dermatitis in January 2022. These medications offer a novel therapeutic mechanism and may be an additional treatment avenue for patients who are currently reliant on conventional immunosuppressants, such as cyclosporine A, methotrexate, or mycophenolate mofetil, or newer medications, such as dupilumab. However, redundant treatment puts patients at risk for excessive toxicity and polypharmacy, whereas abrupt tapering of a preexisting regimen may cause flares of the disease. Thus, transitioning to JAKis should be implemented strategically to retain the therapeutic benefit and minimize the risk of flares. Herein, we outline gradual transition schemas for patients needing to transition to JAKis from conventional immunosuppressants or dupilumab. There is no evidence-based guideline to instruct this transition to JAKis, and our recommendations are based on expert experience and the review of efficacy data from pivotal trials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy