Introduction: Ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) has emerged as an effective method of rhythm control. This exploratory analysis aimed to determine how various measures of recurrence would influence the definition of treatment success. Methods: Using an electronic health record data set from January 2007 to June 2019 linked with Medtronic cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) data, patients who underwent a first AF ablation procedure following CIED implantation were identified. Data were analyzed for recurrence of AF stratified by varying definitions of successful ablation. The performance of various simulated external AF monitoring strategies was assessed. Results: A total of 665 patients were analyzed including 248 with paroxysmal AF (mean age: 66.2 ± 9.3 years, 73.0% male) and 417 patients with persistent AF (mean age: 67.3 ± 9.0 years, 73.6% male). Among patients with paroxysmal AF, survival free from recurrence at 1 year ranged from 28.2% to 72.1% (>6 min and >23 h thresholds, respectively) with an overall median percentage of time in AF reduction of 99.6%. Among patients with persistent AF, survival free from recurrence at 1 year ranged from 24.9% to 60.0% (>6 min and 7 consecutive days > 23 h thresholds, respectively) with an overall median percentage of time in AF reduction of 99.3%. A single 7-day monitoring strategy had a sensitivity of less than 50% for detecting AF greater than 6 min in patients with paroxysmal and persistent AF. Conclusion: In this real-world data set of AF patients with CIEDs undergoing catheter ablation, treatment success varied substantially with different definitions of minimally required AF duration and is significantly impacted by the method of recurrence detection.
- atrial fibrillation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)