Attitude-goal correspondence and interracial interaction: Implications for executive function and impression formation

Adam R. Pearson*, John F. Dovidio, Curtis E. Phills, Ivuoma N. Onyeador

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present research examined whether mismatches in implicit racial attitudes and regulatory goals may contribute to well-documented cognitive depletion effects after interracial interactions. Consistent with a mismatch account of regulatory demands, both high and low implicitly-biased Whites showed evidence of cognitive depletion after interacting with a Black confederate, but as a function of oppositely-valenced emotion regulation prompts: Whereas high implicitly-biased Whites showed impaired subsequent performance on a Stroop task when instructed to suppress negative (but not positive) emotional expressions during an interracial interaction, low implicitly-biased Whites showed the opposite pattern. Additionally, attitude-regulatory goal mismatch was associated with more negative impressions of a Black confederate, independent of observers' impressions of the confederate. Implications of attitude-goal correspondence for intergroup interaction and the maintenance of intergroup bias are considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)907-914
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Emotion regulation
  • Goal pursuit
  • Implicit bias
  • Interracial interaction
  • Social judgment
  • Suppression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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