Attracting random walks

Julia Gaudio, Yury Polyanskiy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper introduces the Attracting Random Walks model, which describes the dynamics of a system of particles on a graph with n vertices. At each step, a single particle moves to an adjacent vertex (or stays at the current one) with probability proportional to the exponent of the number of other particles at a vertex. From an applied standpoint, the model captures the rich get richer phenomenon. We show that the Markov chain exhibits a phase transition in mixing time, as the parameter governing the attraction is varied. Namely, mixing time is O(n log n) when the temperature is sufficiently high and exp(Ω(n)) when temperature is sufficiently low. When G is the complete graph, the model is a projection of the Potts model, whose mixing properties and the critical temperature have been known previously. However, for any other graph our model is non-reversible and does not seem to admit a simple Gibbsian description of a stationary distribution. Notably, we demonstrate existence of the dynamic phase transition without decomposing the stationary distribution into phases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number73
Pages (from-to)1-31
Number of pages31
JournalElectronic Journal of Probability
Volume25
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Interacting particle systems
  • Markov chains
  • Potts model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty

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