Auditory recognition memory in 2-month-old infants as assessed by event-related potentials

Xiaoqin Mai, Lin Xu, Mingyan Li, Jie Shao, Zhengyan Zhao*, Raye Ann Deregnier, Charles A. Nelson, Betsy Lozoff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Previous studies of auditory recognition memory in sleeping newborns reported 2 event-related potential (ERP) components, P2 and negative slow wave (NSW), reflecting voice discrimination and detection of novelty, respectively. In the present study, using high-density recording arrays, ERPs were acquired from 26 2-month-old awake infants as they were presented with a familiar and unfamiliar voice (i.e., mother and stranger) with equal probability. In addition to P2 and NSW, we observed a positive slow wave (PSW) over the right temporo-parietal scalp, indicating memory updating. Our study suggests that infants appear to have the capacity to encode novel stimuli as early as 2 months of age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-414
Number of pages15
JournalDevelopmental Neuropsychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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