Background: Autism is a severe handicapping disorder of early childhood characterized by a distinct pattern of social and communication impairment with rigid ritualistic interests. In about 10-25% of cases, it is associated with known medical conditions. Population-based studies of autism have found that Klinefelter's syndrome (KS), a common chromosome abnormality, is sometimes associated with autism. However, few detailed case descriptions of patients with KS and autism have not been published. Case Report: In this paper, we describe the occurrence of autistic features in two cases of Klinefelter syndrome, one with the typical XXY karyotype and the other with the XXYY variant. Conclusion: Autistic features may be more common in persons with Klinefelter syndrome than generally believed. We propose that all patients with KS should be screened for the presence of autism.
- Klinefelter syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health