Plasma insulin clearnce was studied in a patient with autoantibodies to the insulin receptor, manifesting persistent hyperinsulinemia associated with alternating hyper- and hypoglycemia. In the postabsorptive period, the plasma glucose level gradually decreased. To prevent the development of hypoglycemia, glucose was infused and the glycemic level was clamped at 50 mg/dl without insulin infusion. The plasma C-peptide level was below the detectable range during the clamp, indicating no appreciable secretion of insulin. The plasma insulin level declined exponentially with a markedly prolonged disappearance rate (half-time: 3.0 h) during the study. These results indicate that hyperinsulinemia in the postabsorptive period in this patient is attributable to the impairment of plasma insulin clearance through receptor-mediated mechanisms, and also confirm that the receptor plays the principal role in plasma insulin removal.
- Anti-insulin receptor antibody
- Glycemic clamp
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism