Automated monitoring of supported excavations

Richard J Finno*, J. Tanner Blackburn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

13 Scopus citations


This paper describes remote and automatic monitoring systems for measuring vertical and horizontal displacements and tilt of structural elements. An automated total station and system of tiltmeters were employed at the excavation for the Ford Engineering Design Center. The 9.1-m-deep excavation was made through fill and soft clays and undercut the shallow foundations for a building 6 m from the edge of the excavation. The excavation support system consisted of a sheet pile wall supported by two levels of cross-lot and diagonal internal bracing. The two automated systems, the structural support system and construction details are described. Selected ground and structural responses collected by the automated systems are compared to those collected with conventional methods. The accuracies of the measured automated responses are discussed. The tilt meter data are shown to supplement the inclinometer data so that structural responses of an adjacent structure to the excavation can be evaluated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGEotechnical Applications for Transportation Infrastructure
Subtitle of host publicationFeaturing the Marquette Interchange Project in Milwaukee, Wisconsin - Proc. of the 13th Great Lakes Geotechnic. and Geoenvironmental Conf.
EditorsH.H. Titi
Number of pages12
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006
Event13th Great Lakes Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Conference - Milwaukee, WI, United States
Duration: May 13 2005May 13 2005


Other13th Great Lakes Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityMilwaukee, WI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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