Automatic classification of resuscitation activities on birth-asphyxiated newborns using acceleration and ECG signals

Huyen Vu*, Kjersti Engan, Trygve Eftestøl, Aggelos K Katsaggelos, Samwel Jatosh, Simeon Kusulla, Estomih Mduma, Hussein Kidanto, Hege Ersdal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objectives Newborn deaths are reported to be caused mainly by birth asphyxia. Information learned from ventilation and other treatment could help increase survival rate of newborns in need of resuscitation. Characteristics of manual bag-mask ventilation have been studied in our previous works. However, other resuscitation activities could have important impacts as well. This paper illustrates the classification of several predefined resuscitation activities using information from acceleration and ECG signal. Methods Time and frequency domain features were extracted from the acceleration and ECG signals. A 2-stage classifier was trained on data of manually annotated activities by observing videos of 30 resuscitation babies. Leave-one-out cross validation was used: for each fold, the classifier was trained on activities of 29 patients and tested on activities of 1 patient. Results The average accuracy of the classification of activities is 79%. Conclusions The performance of the classification algorithms indicates that it is possible to use ECG and acceleration signals to automatically derive useful information regarding resuscitation activities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-26
Number of pages7
JournalBiomedical Signal Processing and Control
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017


  • Acceleration signal
  • Birth asphyxia
  • Decision tree
  • ECG signal
  • Linear discriminant analysis
  • Newborns
  • Short time energy
  • Wavelet packet decomposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Health Informatics

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