Automaticity and expressive behavior in virtual actors: Notes on the organization of mammalian behavior systems

Ian D Horswill*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Much of the most expressive behavior in humans - expressions of shock or alarm, gaze aversion, or explosive rage - Are the result of automatic processes that engage before deliberative processing can respond. In some cases, such as weeping, the deliberative system may have only limited ability to override the automatic system. These processes are implemented by a network of phylogenetically old, special purpose, somewhat redundant systems that give rise to the particular idiosyncratic behavior we associate with automatic reactions to emotional events. In this paper, I'll review some of the ethological and neuropsychological results on low-level systems related to threat response, and their relation to the simulation of virtual characters. I will also discuss work in progress on building a medium-fidelity simulation of these systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
Event2011 AIIDE Workshop on Intelligent Narrative Technologies IV - Stanford, CA, United States
Duration: Oct 10 2011Oct 11 2011


Other2011 AIIDE Workshop on Intelligent Narrative Technologies IV
CountryUnited States
CityStanford, CA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence

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