Autonomic regulation of the association between exercise and diabetes

Mercedes R. Carnethon*, Lynette L. Craft

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The inverse association between physical activity and diabetes is attributable to a number of biologically plausible mechanisms. We hypothesize that physical activity-induced improvements in autonomic function are one mechanism by which higher levels of activity are inversely associated with diabetes development. Evidence in support of our hypothesis is derived from a combination of observational studies and clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-18
Number of pages7
JournalExercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2008


  • Autonomic nervous system function
  • Cardiorespiratory fitness
  • Observational studies
  • Physical activity
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Endocrinology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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