Autonomous Minibus Service With Semi-on-Demand Routes in Grid Networks

Max T.M. Ng, Hani S. Mahmassani*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


This paper investigates the potential of autonomous minibuses which take on-demand directional routes for pick-up and drop-off in a grid network of wider area with low density, followed by fixed routes in areas with greater demand. Mathematical formulation for generalized costs demonstrates its benefits, with indicators proposed to select existing bus routes for conversion with the options of zonal express and parallel routes. Simulations on modeled scenarios and case studies with bus routes in Chicago show reductions in both passenger costs and generalized costs compared with existing fixed-route bus services between suburban areas and the central business district.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTransportation Research Record
PublisherSAGE Publications Ltd
Number of pages23
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • general
  • innovative public transportation services and technologies
  • mathematical modeling
  • mobility
  • networks
  • optimization
  • planning and analysis
  • public transportation
  • services
  • shared
  • systems modeling
  • transit
  • transportation supply

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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