Avian reovirus-specific polypeptides can be separated into three size classes: large (λ), medium (μ), and small (σ), similar to those of the mammalian reoviruses. A nomenclature has been proposed to indicate the individual polypeptides within each size class by progressive alphabetical subscripts. Three λ polypeptides (λA, λB, and λC) are found in infectious viral particles and have molecular weights of 145,000, 130,000, and 115,000, respectively. All are present in core preparations, and two (λA and λB) appear to be exposed at the surface of the virion. Two μ polypeptides can be distinguished in purified virus (μA, 72,000 daltons; μB, 70,000 daltons), and another is occasionally evident by immunoprecipitation from infected-cell extracts (μNS). μB represents the major outer capsid protein and is structurally homologous to μ1C of the mammalian reoviruses. No additional μ proteins can be detected, and there is no evidence for a product-precursor relationship among these proteins. Three major σ proteins are evident in viral particles, σC has the lowest molecular weight, is part of the outer capsid of the virion, and appears homologous to the mammalian σ1 protein. Interestingly, it demonstrates the greatest polymorphism of all the polypeptides among the different avian reoviruses examined. σB (36,000 daltons) is a major constituent of the outer capsid and, like σc, is exposed to the surface of the virion. σA (39,000 daltons) appears to be an internal protein. An additional polypeptide band in the σ class having an apparent molecular weight of 34,000 to 35,000 can be seen under three different conditions: (1) in some S1133 reovirus preparations, particularly after prolonged storage, a new band (σB') appears with a reduction in intensity of σ, suggesting that σB' is a degradation product of σB; (ii) in polypeptides immunoprecipitated from infected-cell extracts, a major band (σNS) is apparent migrating just ahead of σB; (iii) in top component preparations from all avian reoviruses examined, a band (σTC) with mobility identical to that of σNS represents a major constituent and appears to be incorporated within the particle itself. The relationship among these three bands is not currently known. Avian reovirus polypeptides are thus in general similar to those found in mammalian reoviruses, but differences do exist which may be important for understanding viral structure and assembly.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science