The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of twice weekly hypo-fractionated radiation therapy (RT) plus continuous infusion 5- fluorouracil for unresectable or locally advanced colorectal cancer with synchronous metastases. Palliative radiation consisting of 30 Gy/6 fractions/3 weeks was administered to 87 patients from 1982-1995 with 3 field belly board technique. Diverting colostomy was required for obstruction in 14 (16%) prior to radiation; 47 patients (54%) had recurrent disease following prior resection and 58 (66%) had distant metastases on presentation. Median follow-up was 12 months (1-104 months). Stabilization/regression of pelvic disease was accomplished in 65 patients (75%). Complete resection of the pelvic disease was accomplished in 5 patients (6%), all of whom had synchronous metastases. Diverting colostomy was required in only 11 patients after chemoradiation because of progressive pelvic tumor; 2 of these 11 patients (18%) had isolated progression of pelvic disease. Overall, colostomy was not required in 48 of the 72 patients (67%) who did not present with a stoma. Median survival was 11 months if metastatic disease was present and only 6 months when disease was limited to the pelvis. Grade 3 acute radiation toxicities occurred in < 10% and no grade 4 acute toxicities were observed. No significant late radiation effects were noted. Twice weekly hypofractionated RT is well tolerated and provides durable palliation of symptoms related to locally advanced primary or recurrent colorectal cancer with metastatic disease. (C) U.S. Cancer Pain Relief Committee, 2000.
- Colorectal cancer
- Radiation therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine