Awareness and Intent to Use Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Among African American Women in a Family Planning Clinic

Amy K. Johnson*, Faith E. Fletcher, Emily Ott, Marisa Wishart, Eleanor E. Friedman, Jessica Terlikowski, Sadia Haider

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Due to the gap between cisgender women eligible for and those accessing pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention, it is critical to understand knowledge of and attitudes toward PrEP among HIV-vulnerable women. PrEP utilization is particularly low among African American women in the USA. Family planning clinics provide key access points to reach HIV-vulnerable African American women as well as to translate research findings into clinical practice. Our study aimed to (1) describe the awareness of and interest in PrEP among African American cisgender women attending a family planning clinic and (2) document the barriers and facilitators to PrEP uptake among these women. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with sexually active African American women of reproductive age attending a family planning clinic. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize the sample, and bivariate analysis was used to detect difference between categorical and outcome variables. In our survey (N = 109), over 80% of participants listed not knowing PrEP was available as the primary reason for not currently taking PrEP. Seventy percent reported they would probably or definitely like to take PrEP – demonstrating that barriers to uptake might stem from knowledge deficits rather than attitudes toward prevention. Study findings have the potential to inform strategies to increase awareness of PrEP as an HIV prevention option as well as to equip women with greater self-efficacy to access PrEP in family planning settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)550-554
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

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Keywords

  • African American
  • Family planning
  • HIV prevention
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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