Awareness and Interest in Uterus Transplantation over Time: Analysis of Those Seeking Surgical Correction for Uterine-Factor Infertility in the US

Liza Johannesson*, Giuliano Testa, Menas M. Beshara, Briget da Graca, Jessica R. Walter, Cristiano Quintini, Nawar Latif, Koji Hashimoto, Elliott G. Richards, Kathleen O’Neill

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study describes the characteristics of women who contacted an active program performing uterus transplantation (UTx) in the US, expressing interest in becoming a uterus transplant recipient or a living donor. Basic demographic and self-reported clinical information was collected from women who contacted any of the three US UTx programs from 2015 to July 2022. The three centers received 5194 inquiries about becoming a UTx recipient during the study timeframe. Among those reporting a cause of infertility, almost all of the reports (4066/4331, 94%) were absence of a uterus, either congenitally (794/4066, 20%) or secondary to hysterectomy (3272/4066, 80%). The mean age was 34 years, and 49% (2545/5194) had at least one child at the time of application. The two centers using living donors received 2217 inquiries about becoming living donors. The mean age was 34 years, and 60% (1330/2217) had given birth to ≥1 child. While most of the UTx clinical trial evidence has focused on young women with congenital absence of the uterus, these results show interest from a much broader patient population in terms of age, cause of infertility, and parity. These results raise questions about whether and to what extent the indications and eligibility criteria for UTx should be expanded as the procedure transitions from the experimental phase to being offered as a clinical treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4201
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023

Keywords

  • hysterectomy
  • infertility
  • living donor
  • parity
  • recipient
  • uterus transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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