We described a cloned dendritic cell, clone Den-1, that is a potent accessory cell for some B cell responses. Clone Den-1 produces a novel lymphokine that is distinct from previously described factors produced by T cells. In the present study, we compare the role of nonspecific helper factors produced by Den-1 (Den-1 SN) or the T cell thymoma EL4 (EL4-SN) in promotion of B cell plaque-forming cell (PFC) responses to a variety of antigens. We find that the antigen in culture determines the B cell requirement for dendritic and/or T cell factors. B cell PFC responses to TNP-Brucella abortus (BA) and TNP-lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are greatly increased by EL4-SN but show little, if any, enhancement with Den-1 SN. Responses to TNP-polyacrylamide are reconstituted by either Den-1 SN or EL4-SN, whereas responses to TNP-Ficoll, TNP-dextran and TNP-levan are reconstituted by Den-1 SN and are much less sensitive to factors present in EL4-SN. Responses to SRBC require the presence of both Den-1 SN and EL4-SN. We also show that the time at which Den-1 SN must be provided to the B cell is dependent on the antigen in culture. Our findings are discussed in terms of present classification of antigens based on their ability to stimulate various B cell subpopulations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy