B-RAF inhibitors: An evolving role in the therapy of malignant melanoma

Cynthia Shepherd*, Igor Puzanov, Jeffrey A. Sosman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Immunotherapy and chemotherapy benefit few patients with metastatic melanoma, and even fewer experience durable survival benefit. These poor results come from treating melanoma as a single homogeneous disease. Recently, it has been shown that targeting activated tyrosine kinases (oncogenes) can mediate striking clinical benefits in several cancers. In 2002, a mutation at the V600E amino acid of the BRAF serine/threonine kinase was described as present in over 50% of melanomas. The mutation appeared to confer a dependency by the melanoma cancer cell on its activation of the MAP kinase pathway. The frequency and specificity of this mutation (95% at V600E of BRAF) suggests that it may be a potential target for therapy, and recent results with one inhibitor, PLX4032/RG7204, bare this out. This review updates the status of BRAF inhibitors in melanoma and what may be on the horizon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-152
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent oncology reports
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 23 2010

Keywords

  • B-RAF inhibitors
  • Malignant melanoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'B-RAF inhibitors: An evolving role in the therapy of malignant melanoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this