Back to school: Design principles for improving webcast interactivity from face-to-face classroom observation

Jeremy Birnholtz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations


This paper presents an observational study of face-to-face university classrooms and provides preliminary design principles for improving interactivity in "webcast" presentations. Despite the fact that participation and interaction patterns appear to depend heavily on presentation style and class size, useful patterns were observed and analyzed. Design principles presented include the need to support rapid changes in floor control, multiple types of presentation technologies, and the subtleties of awareness between the audience and presenter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Conference on Designing Interactive Systems, DIS2006
Number of pages10
StatePublished - Nov 16 2006
EventProceedings of the Conference on Designing Interactive Systems, DIS2006 - University Park, PA, United States
Duration: Jun 26 2006Jun 28 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Conference on Designing Interactive Systems: Processes, Practices, Methods, and Techniques, DIS


OtherProceedings of the Conference on Designing Interactive Systems, DIS2006
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityUniversity Park, PA


  • Classroom
  • Interactivity
  • Observational study
  • Presentation
  • Remote audience
  • Webcasting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software

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