Backward motion compensation for interlaced HDTV

Michael T. Orchard*, Aggelos K. Katsaggelos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The pel-recursive approach to motion estimation has been widely studied for compensating progressively scanned, moderate-resolution video. Although pel-recursive algorithms may not be suitable for application to interlaced high-definition television (HDTV), the underlying principle of backward motion compensation, upon which pel-recursive algorithms are based, can be exploited to improve the existing motion compensation algorithms. This paper proposes applying a backward approach to motion compensation to improve the performance of standard block-based algorithms for motion-compensated interlaced HDTV sequences. First, we describe a framework for motion compensation in which motion information is parameterized by a motion operator and a domain for that operator. Within this framework, we characterize the type of motion information represented by forward (e.g. block-based) and backward approaches to motion compensation. We propose a method for combining these two sources of motion information to form an optimal motion-compensated prediction. Simulations on two interlaced HDTV sequences demonstrate performance improvements between 1 and 2 dB over standard block-based methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-501
Number of pages15
JournalSignal Processing: Image Communication
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - Dec 1993


  • Motion compensation
  • interlaced HDTV
  • pel-recursive motion estimation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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