Bactericidal effect of hydrogen peroxide on urinary tract pathogens

A. J. Schaeffer, J. M. Jones, S. K. Amundsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bacterial contamination of urinary drainage bags is a frequent source of bladder bacteriuria in patients with indwelling catheters. Previous work demonstrated that the addition of 30 ml of 3% H2O2 prevented bacterial contamination of urinary drainage bags for up to 8 h in patients with urinary infections (>105 colony-forming units per ml). Survival curves of a variety of organisms in filter-sterilized urine with various concentrations of H2 O2 (0.6 to 0.01%) were constructed. Organisms with high cellular catalase activity (Staphylococcus aureus, Serratia marcescens, and Proteus mirabilis) required 30 to 60 min of exposure to 0.6% H2O2 for a reduction of 108 to <1 colony-forming unit per ml, whereas Escherichia coli, Streptococcus sp., and Pseudomonas sp. required only 15 min of exposure. The efficacy of H2O2 in urine was maintained despite exposure to room temperature for 5 days and reinoculation with bacterial suspensions. H2O2 is inexpensive and relatively nontoxic, and these data suggest that periodic instillation of H2O2 into urinary drainage bags may eliminate a source of bladder bacteriuria and environmental contamination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-340
Number of pages4
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Ecology

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