Bariatric surgery in adolescents

Sean J. Barnett*, Marc P. Michalsky, Thomas H. Inge

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Recent data demonstrates that the prevalence and incidence of childhood obesity in the United States parallels the increasing trends of adult obesity. The immediate and long-term health consequences of obesity in childhood, coupled with the psychosocial and economic effects, continue to provide compelling arguments to perform bariatric surgery on adolescents to achieve aggressive weight loss. These consequences can have lasting effects into adulthood. In limited studies to date, most significant comorbidities of adolescent obesity, including sleep apnea, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, dyslipidemias, cardiomyopathy, and psychosocial impairment, have been shown to be greatly improved or resolved following bariatric surgery. Surgery has also been shown to be safe with similar expected weight loss to their adult counterparts. The benefits of a multidisciplinary approach in adolescent weight management and bariatric surgery are the key to success. Ongoing long-term studies will help to shape the role of bariatric surgery and better define its use in the adolescent population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMinimally Invasive Bariatric Surgery, Second Edition
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages401-410
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781493916375
ISBN (Print)9781493916368
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Bariatric surgery
  • Comorbidity resolution
  • Definition of obesity
  • Morbid obesity
  • Practice guidelines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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