Barriers to influenza vaccination among pregnant women

Catherine Eppes*, Alison Wu, Whitney You, K. A. Cameron, Patricia Garcia, William Grobman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Objective: Despite pregnant women's increased morbidity and mortality from influenza, vaccination rates remain low. This study intended to evaluate barriers to pregnant women's uptake of influenza vaccine. Study design: A survey was designed that assessed participant demographics, knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and general experiences with seasonal and 2009 novel H1N1 influenza. Associations between patient characteristics and vaccine uptake were then assessed. Results: 88 women completed the survey. Women who correctly answered >75% of knowledge questions regarding influenza were significantly more likely to accept the influenza vaccine (seasonal: p=. 0.04, H1N1: p<. 0.01). Conversely, patients who declined the vaccine were more likely to hold false beliefs, such as perceiving that the vaccine was not protective (seasonal: p<. 0.01, H1N1: p<. .01) and that they were not at risk for influenza (seasonal: p<. 0.01). Conclusion: The reasons for influenza vaccine declination in pregnant patients include lower levels of knowledge and unfavorable attitudes regarding the safety and efficacy of the vaccine, and suggest the importance of education as a tool to improve vaccination uptake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2874-2878
Number of pages5
Issue number27
StatePublished - Jun 12 2013


  • H1N1
  • Vaccine acceptance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • veterinary(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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