Baseline prevalence and longitudinal evolution of non-motor symptoms in early Parkinson's disease: The PPMI cohort

Tanya Simuni*, Chelsea Caspell-Garcia, Christopher S. Coffey, Daniel Weintraub, Brit Mollenhauer, Shirley Lasch, Caroline M. Tanner, Danna Jennings, Karl Kieburtz, Lana M. Chahine, Kenneth Marek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine the baseline prevalence and longitudinal evolution in non-motor symptoms (NMS) in a prospective cohort of, at baseline, patients with de novo Parkinson's disease (PD) compared with healthy controls (HC). Methods: Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative (PPMI) is a longitudinal, ongoing, controlled study of de novo PD participants and HC. NMS were rated using the Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) Part I score and other validated NMS scales at baseline and after 2 years. Biological variables included cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers and dopamine transporter imaging. Results: 423 PD subjects and 196 HC were enrolled and followed for 2 years. MDS-UPDRS Part I total mean (SD) scores increased from baseline 5.6 (4.1) to 7.7 (5.0) at year 2 in PD subjects (p<0.001) versus from 2.9 (3.0) to 3.2 (3.0) in HC (p=0.38), with a significant difference between the groups (p<0.001). In the multivariate analysis, higher baseline NMS score was associated with female sex (p=0.008), higher baseline MDS-UPDRS Part II scores (p<0.001) and more severe motor phenotype (p=0.007). Longitudinal increase in NMS severity was associated with the older age (0.008) and lower CSF Aβ1-42 (0.005) at baseline. There was no association with the dose or class of dopaminergic therapy. Conclusions: This study of NMS in early PD identified clinical and biological variables associated with both baseline burden and predictors of progression. The association of a greater longitudinal increase in NMS with lower baseline Aβ1-42 level is an important finding that will have to be replicated in other cohorts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-88
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry
Volume89
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Parkinson's disease
  • biomarkers
  • non-motor symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Baseline prevalence and longitudinal evolution of non-motor symptoms in early Parkinson's disease: The PPMI cohort'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this