Baseline profiles of auditory, vestibular, and visual functions in youth tackle football players

Travis White-Schwoch, Jennifer Krizman, Kristi McCracken, Jamie K. Burgess, Elaine C. Thompson, Trent Nicol, Nina Kraus*, Cynthia R. Labella

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Neurosensory tests have emerged as components of sport-related concussion management. Limited normative data are available in healthy, nonconcussed youth athletes. Patients & methods/results: In 2017 and 2018, we tested 108 youth tackle football players immediately before their seasons on the frequency-following response, Balance Error Scoring System, and King-Devick test. We compared results with published data in older and/or and nonathlete populations. Performance on all tests improved with age. Frequency-following response and Balance Error Scoring System results aligned with socioeconomic status. Performance was not correlated across neurosensory domains. Conclusion: Baseline neurosensory functions in seven 14-year-old male tackle football players are consistent with previously published data. Results reinforce the need for individual baselines or demographic-specific norms and the use of multiple neurosensory measures in sport-related concussion management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number0008
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2019


  • clinical testing
  • concussion
  • frequency-following response
  • sensory systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology


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