Renal impairment at baseline (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) is the most important risk marker to predict the risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients receiving iodinated contrast media. Hence, it is important to assess renal function before administration of contrast medium to ensure that appropriate steps are taken to reduce the risk. Serum creatinine alone does not provide a reliable measure of renal function, hence the National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) recommends that clinicians should use an eGFR calculated from the serum creatinine as an index of renal function. The CIN Consensus Working Panel agreed that eGFR should be determined before contrast administration, using the abbreviated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula, recommended by K/DOQI as the preferred equation for the calculation of eGFR in adults. Where a serum creatinine measurement or eGFR is not available, a simple survey or questionnaire can be used before contrast agent administration to identify patients at higher risk for CIN compared with the general population. In emergency situations, where the benefit of very early imaging outweighs the risk of waiting, the CIN Consensus Working Panel agreed that the procedure can be performed without assessment of renal function.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine