Basic fibroblast growth factor release by human coronary artery endothelial cells is enhanced by matrix proteins, 17 β-estradiol, and a PKC signaling pathway

Maria Luiza C Albuquerque, Steven K. Akiyama, H. William Schnaper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endothelial cell function is regulated by interactions among cells, the extracellular matrix (ECM), and soluble mediators. We investigated this interaction by examining the effect of 17β-estradiol (E2) on release of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) by human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC) cultured on ECM proteins. After estrogen-depleted HCAEC were treated with E2 for 2 h, the conditioned media and cell layers were evaluated by immunoblot or ELISA for FGF-2. Release of FGF-2 into conditioned media was enhanced 10-fold compared to that on plastic and a further 2.4-fold by E2. As FGF-2 release from cells into the media increases, there is a corresponding decrease in the cellular content of FGF-2. By ELISA, FGF-2 release increased 406, 179, and 262%, on type IV collagen, laminin, or fibronectin, respectively. HCAEC cultured on type I collagen did not show E2-enhanced FGF- 2 release by ELISA or immunoblot analysis. No changes were noted in HCAEC release of lactate dehydrogenase, tested as a control protein for cellular integrity. The estrogen receptor antagonist ICI182,780 blocked E2-induced, but not basal, FGF-2 release. Increased FGF-2 release occurred via a cycloheximide-insensitive pathway. Neither brefeldin-A nor genistein inhibited E2 enhancement of FGF-2 release by HCAEC cultured on fibronectin. However, the protein kinase C inhibitor calphostin C inhibited the E2- augmented FGF-2 release. These data show that E2 enhances FGF-2 release by HCAEC cultured on basement membrane proteins in the absence of wounding. This action requires the estrogen receptor and PKC activity, but does not require new protein synthesis, endoplasmic reticulum-to-Golgi-mediated secretion, or protein tyrosine phosphorylation. E2-enhanced FGF-2 release could contribute to the cardioprotective effects of estrogen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-169
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume245
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 25 1998

Keywords

  • Endothelial cell
  • Extracellular matrix
  • FGF-2
  • Signal transduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Basic fibroblast growth factor release by human coronary artery endothelial cells is enhanced by matrix proteins, 17 β-estradiol, and a PKC signaling pathway'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this