To further elucidate the role of angiogenesis in the pathogenesis of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) we evaluated the effects of the bcr-abl translocation on the secretion of the angiogenic factors VEGF, FGF-2, HGF, IL-8 and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) as well as on the angiogenic potential in vivo of bcr-abl+ cells. First, we examined murine FL5.12 cells transfected with the bcr-abl constructs p185, p210 and p230 and found that the transfected cells secreted as much as four-fold more VEGF (p185 > p210 > p230) than wild-type (wt) cells, as well as MMP-9 and MMP-2. When Matrigel fragments containing these bcr-abl+ cells were implanted subcutaneously in SCID or Balb-C mice they became significantly more vascularized and hemoglobinized than implants containing normal or wt cells (p185 > p210 > p230). Similarly, we found that myeloblasts expanded from bone marrow (BM) CD34+ cells derived from Philadelphia-positive CML patients secreted up to 10 times more VEGF, FGF-2, HGF and IL-8 compared to myeloblasts derived from normal donors' BM CD34+ cells and that BM mononuclear cells (MNC) isolated from CML patients induced vascularization of Matrigel implants in mice. Moreover, we found that peripheral blood MNC expressed MMP-2 and membrane-type (MT)1-MMP in about 50% of CML patients studied, and MMP-9 in all of them. Furthermore, VEGF stimulated the secretion of MMP-9 in these primary CML cells. We conclude that stimulation of angiogenesis by angiogenic factors, including MMPs, could play an important role in the pathogenesis of CML, suggesting that therapies targeting the newly formed endothelium could be developed for CML.
- Bcr-abl constructs
- Chronic myelogenous leukemia
- Matrix metalloproteinases
- Vascular endothelial growth factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine