Behavior During Tethered Kicking in Infants With Periventricular Brain Injury

Suzann K. Campbell, Whitney Cole, Kara Boynewicz, Laura A. Zawacki, April Clark, Deborah Gaebler-Spira, Raye Ann Deregnier, Maxine M. Kuroda, Dipti Kale, Michele Bulanda, Sangeetha Madhavan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: To describe behavior of children with periventricular brain injury (PBI) in a tethered-kicking intervention.

METHODS: Sixteen infants with PBI were randomly assigned to exercise or no-training in a longitudinal pilot study. Frequencies of leg movements and interlimb coordination were described from videos at 2 and 4 months' corrected age (CA).

RESULTS: Eight of the 13 children (62%) with longitudinal data increased the frequency of leg movements while tethered to a mobile between 2 and 4 months' CA. Movement frequency was correlated with scores on the Test of Infant Motor Performance, but no differences between experimental groups were found. Children with typical development at 12 months' CA increased the proportion of leg movements that were synchronous between 2 and 4 months, as did a child with cerebral palsy in the experimental group.

CONCLUSIONS: The tethered-kicking intervention facilitates movement in infants with PBI, but effects on development remain to be demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-412
Number of pages10
JournalPediatric physical therapy : the official publication of the Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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