Behavior of graphite/epoxy plates with holes under biaxial loading - Deformation and failure of graphite/epoxy plates with holes under biaxial tension were studied experimentally and the strength related to prediction based on an average stress criterion and on tensor polynomial criterion for the lamina

Isaac M. Daniel*

*Corresponding author for this work

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13 Scopus citations

Abstract

An experimental investigation was conducted to study the behavior under biaxial tensile loading of quasiisotropic graphite/epoxy plates with circular holes and to determine the influence of hole diameter on failure. The specimens were 40 cm×40 cm (16 in.×16 in.) laminates of [0/±45/90]s layup. Four hole diameters, 2.54 cm (1.00 in.), 1.91 cm (0.75 in.), 1.27 cm (0.50 in.) and 0.64 cm (0.25 in.), were investigated. Deformations and strains were measured using strain gages and birefringent coatings. Equal biaxial loading was introduced by means fo four whiffle-tree grip linkages and controlled with a servohyraulic system. Initially, the circumferential strain is uniform around the boundary of the hole. Subsequently, with increasing load, regions of high strain concentration with nonlinear response develop at eight characteristic locations 22.5 deg off the fiber axes. Failure in the form of cracking and delamination initiates at these points. Maximum strains at failure on the hole boundary reach values up to twice the ultimate strain of the unnotched laminate. The effect of hole diameter on strength was described satisfactorily using an average biaxial-stress criterion. Good correlation was also obtained with theoretical predictions based on a tensor-polynomial failure criterion for the lamina and a progressive degradation model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental Mechanics
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computational Mechanics

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