Understanding the formation of topological defects in connected magnetic nanowires such as in artificial spin ices (ASIs) is critical to controlling their behavior. Moreover, emergent frustration behavior of these defects can be expected due to complex underlying lattice geometry of the ASIs. We have explored in situ thermalization and quenching of quasicrystalline ASIs, which exhibit additional frustration due to aperiodicity from near the Curie temperature, and we observe the formation of two sets of topological vortex defects: within the magnetic bars and within the vertices at which the bars meet. By varying the laser fluence, we show that the number of defects in the vertices varies as the quenching rate changes following a power law relation, which we interpret as being related to the ferromagnetic-to-paramagnetic phase transition. Conversely, the defects formed within the bars are metastable states related to the spontaneous magnetization reversal of the magnetic bars and are therefore strongly dependent on underlying lattice geometry. These results provide insight into the emergence and control of topological defects in confined frustrated magnetic systems.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics