Behavioral adjustment in children of diabetic mothers

T. A. Rizzo*, B. L. Silverman, B. E. Metzger, N. H. Cho

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


The aim of this study was to evaluate whether maternal diabetes in pregnancy may adversely affect the children's behavioral adjustment, in a sample of 201 mothers (68 with pre-gestational diabetes, 50 with gestational diabetes, and 83 with non-diabetic pregnancies) and their singleton offspring. After accounting for socioeconomic status, ethnicity and maternal attitudes, none of the Child Behavior Checklist ratings correlated significantly with maternal patient group or several indices of antepartum maternal metabolism. Child obesity, a common sequela of diabetic pregnancies, correlated positively with Internalizing Behavior problems and three narrow- band sub-scales: Somatic Complaints, Anxious/Depressed, and Social Problems. Results suggest that children of diabetic mothers are at increased risk for a variety of developmental disturbances. Screening for learning and behavioral difficulties should be made at regular pediatric visits, with follow-up evaluations warranted by positive indications, excessive weight gain, or other evolving medical concerns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)969-974
Number of pages6
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1997


  • Behavior problem
  • Behavioral teratology
  • Diabetes in pregnancy
  • Malnutrition
  • Obesity
  • Offspring of diabetic mothers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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