Beta-galactosidase-labelled relay neurons of homotopic olfactory bulb transplants establish proper afferent and efferent synaptic connections with host neurons

G. Sekerková, Z. Katarova, E. Mugnaini, F. Joó, J. R. Wolff, S. Prodan, G. Szabó*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The vertebrate olfactory system has long been an attractive model for studying neuronal regeneration and adaptive plasticity due to the continuous neurogenesis and synaptic remodelling throughout adult life in primary and secondary olfactory centres, its precisely ordered synaptic network and accessibility for manipulation. After homotopic transplantation of fetal olfactory bulbs in bulbectomized neonatal rodents, newly regenerated olfactory neurons form glomeruli within the graft, and the efferent mitral/tufted cells of the transplant innervate the host brain, terminating in higher olfactory centres. However, the synaptic connections of the transplanted relay neurons within the graft and/or host's olfactory centres could not be characterized mainly because of lack of suitable cell-specific markers for these neurons. In this study, we have used olfactory bulbs from transgenic fetuses, in which the majority of the mitral/tufted cells express the bacterial enzyme β-galactosidase, for homotopic olfactory bulb transplantation following complete unilateral bulbectomy. In the transplants, the cell bodies and terminals of the donor mitral/tufted cells were identified by β-galactosidase histochemistry and immunocytochemistry at both light and electron microscope levels. We demonstrate that transplanted relay neurons re-establish specific synaptic connections with host neurons of the periphery, source of the primary signal and central nervous system, thereby providing the basis for a functional recovery in the lesioned olfactory system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)973-979
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroscience
Volume80
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 11 1997

Keywords

  • Homotopic graft
  • LacZ
  • Mitral/tufted cells
  • Neuronal regeneration
  • Synaptogenesis
  • Transgenic mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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