Recent evidence suggests that physiological signals under healthy conditions may have a fractal temporal structure. We investigate the possibility that time series generated by certain physiological control systems may be members of a special class of complex processes, termed multifractal, which require a large number of exponents to characterize their scaling properties. We report on evidence for multifractality in a biological dynamical system - the healthy human heartbeat. Further, we show that the multifractal character and nonlinear properties of the healthy heart rate are encoded in the Fourier phases. We uncover a loss of multifractality for a life-threatening condition, congestive heart failure.
|Title of host publication||UPoN’99: Second International Conference|
|Editors||D Abbott, L B Kish|
|Place of Publication||Melville, NY|
|Publisher||American Institute of Physics|
|State||Published - 2000|
Ivanov, P. C., Amaral, L. AN., Goldberger, A. L., Havlin, S., Rosenblum, M. G., Struzik, Z., & Stanley, H. E. (2000). Beyond 1/f: Multifractality in human heartbeat dynamics. In D. Abbott, & L. B. Kish (Eds.), UPoN’99: Second International Conference (pp. 273–281). American Institute of Physics.