## Abstract

This paper considers one parameter families of diffeomorphisms {F_{t}} in two dimensions which have a curve of dissipative saddle periodic points P_{t}, i.e. F_{t}^{n}(P_{t})=P_{t} and |det DF_{t}^{n}(P_{t})|<1. The family is also assumed to create new homoclinic intersections of the stable and unstable manifolds of P_{t} as the parameter varies through t_{0}. Gavirlov and Silnikov proved that if the new homoclinic intersections are created nondegenerately at t_{0}, then there is an infinite cascade of periodic sinks, i.e. there are parameter values t_{n} accumulating at t_{0} for which there is a sink of period n [GS2, Sect. 4]. We show that this result is true for real analytic diffeomorphisms even if the homoclinic intersection is created degenerately. We give computer evidence to show that this latter result is probably applicable to the Hénon map for A near 1.392 and B equal -0.3. Newhouse proved a related result which showed the existence of infinitely many periodic sinks for a single diffeomorphism which is a perturbation of a diffeomorphism with a nondegenerate homoclinic tangency. We give the main geometric ideas of the proof of this theorem. We also give a variation of a key lemma to show that the result is true for a fixed one parameter family which creates a nondegenerate tangency. Thus under the nondegeneracy assumption, not only is there a cascade of sinks proved by Gavrilov and Silnikov, but also a single parameter value t* with infinitely many sinks.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 433-459 |

Number of pages | 27 |

Journal | Communications in Mathematical Physics |

Volume | 90 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Sep 1983 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics