Bilateral filtering: Theory and applications

Sylvain Paris*, Pierre Kornprobst, Jack Tumblin, Fŕedo Durand

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

379 Scopus citations


The bilateral filter is a non-linear technique that can blur an image while respecting strong edges. Its ability to decompose an image into different scales without causing haloes after modification has made it ubiquitous in computational photography applications such as tone mapping, style transfer, relighting, and denoising. This text provides a graphical, intuitive introduction to bilateral filtering, a practical guide for efficient implementation and an overview of its numerous applications, as well as mathematical analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-73
Number of pages73
JournalFoundations and Trends in Computer Graphics and Vision
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition


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