Bilingual research methods

Viorica Marian*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In 1924, the US Congress passed what became known as the Immigration Restriction Act, a law that regulated immigration to the US for many years and served as the basis for discriminatory immigration policies favoring immigrants from Western and Northern Europe over those from Southern and Eastern Europe. The law had a eugenic (i.e., improvement of the gene pool) intent designed to halt the immigration of supposedly dysgenic groups, groups that purportedly contributed to a decline of the gene pool. The Immigration Restriction Act relied in part on data from seemingly scientific studies (Brigham, 1923; Goddard, 1914), as well as a Public Health Service project that tested the intelligence of different groups and found that some immigrant groups-for example, Italians and Eastern European Jews-scored lower, often below average, and sometimes even in the feebleminded range, compared to other groups. Herrnstein and Murray (1994, p. 5), in their much-publicized book, The Bell Curve, described these events as follows: In the early 1920s, the chairman of the House Committee on Immigration and Naturalization appointed an “Expert Eugenical Agent” for his committee’s work, a biologist who was especially concerned about keeping up the American level of intelligence by suitable immigration policies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAn Introduction to Bilingualism
Subtitle of host publicationPrinciples and Processes, Second Edition
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Pages12-36
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9781351589802
ISBN (Print)9781848725850
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Psychology(all)

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