Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) serum contains several IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) that specifically bind to IGFs. The structures of these fish IGFBPs have not been determined and their physiological functions are poorly defined. In this study, we identified a 30 kDa IGFBP present in rainbow trout serum and secreted by cultured trout hepatoma cells. This IGFBP binds to IGFs but not to insulin. This IGFBP was purified to homogeneity using a three-step procedure involving Phenyl-Sepharose chromatography, IGF-I affinity chromatography and reverse-phase HPLC. Affinity cross-linking studies indicated that this IGFBP binds to IGF-I with a higher affinity than to IGF-II. N-terminal sequence analysis of the trout IGFBP suggests that it shares high sequence identity with that of human IGFBP-1 in the N-terminal region. When added to cultured fish and human cells, the trout IGFBP inhibited IGF-I-stimulated DNA synthesis and cell proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner. The inhibitory effect of the fish IGFBP was comparable to those of human IGFBP-1 and -4. These results indicate that the IGFBP molecule is structurally and functionally conserved in evolutionarily ancient vertebrate species such as bony fish.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism