Biochemical characterization of an invariant histidine involved in Escherichia coli DNA topoisomerase I catalysis

Kay Perry, Alfonso Mondragón*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

An invariant histidine residue, His-365 in Escherichia coli DNA topoisomerase I, is located at the active site of type IA DNA topoisomerases and near the active site tyrosine. Its ability to participate in the multistep catalytic process of DNA relaxation was investigated. His-365 was mutated to alanine, arginine, asparagine, aspartate, glutamate, and glutamine to study its ability to participate in general acid/base catalysis and bind DNA. The mutants were examined for pH-dependent DNA relaxation and cleavage, salt-dependent DNA relaxation, and salt-dependent DNA binding affinity. The mutants relax DNA in a pH-dependent manner and at low salt concentrations. The pH dependence of all mutants is different from the wild type, suggesting that His-365 is responsible for the pH dependence of the enzyme. Additionally, whereas the wild type enzyme shows pH-dependent oligonucleotide cleavage, cleavage by both H365Q and H365A is pH-independent. H365Q cleaves DNA with rates similar to the wild type enzyme, whereas H365A has a slower rate of DNA cleavage than the wild type but can cleave more substrate overall. H365A also has a lower DNA binding affinity than the wild type enzyme. The binding affinity was determined at different salt concentrations, showing that the alanine mutant displaces half a charge less upon binding DNA than an inactive form of topoisomerase I. These observations indicate that His-365 participates in DNA binding and is responsible for optimal catalysis at physiological pH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13237-13245
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 12 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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