Biofeedback, pelvic floor re-education, and bladder training for male chronic pelvic pain syndrome

J. Quentin Clemens, Robert B Nadler, Anthony J Schaeffer, Jay Belani, Jeff Albaugh, Wade Bushman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations


Objectives. Pelvic floor tension myalgia may contribute to the symptoms of male patients with chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS). Therefore, measures that diminish pelvic floor muscle spasm may improve these symptoms. Based on this hypothesis, we enrolled 19 patients with CPPS in a 12-week program of biofeedback-directed pelvic floor re-education and bladder training. Methods. Pre-treatment and post-treatment symptom assessments included daily voiding logs, American Urological Association (AUA) symptom score, and 10-point visual analog pain and urgency scores. Pressure-flow studies were obtained before treatment in most patients. Instruction in pelvic floor muscle contraction and relaxation was achieved using a noninvasive form of biofeedback at biweekly sessions. Home exercises were combined with a progressive increase in timed-voiding intervals. Results. Mean age of the 19 patients was 36 years (range 18 to 67). Four patients completed less than three treatment sessions, 5 patients completed three to five sessions, and 10 attended all six sessions. Mean follow-up was 5.8 months. Median AUA symptom scores improved from 15.0 to 7.5 (P = 0.001), and median bother scores decreased from 5.0 to 2.0 (P = 0.001). Median pain scores decreased from 5.0 to 1.0 (P = 0.001), and median urgency scores decreased from 5.0 to 2.0 (P = 0.002). Median voiding interval increased from 0.88 hours to 3.0 hours (P = 0.003). Presence of detrusor instability, hypersensitivity to filling, or bladder-sphincter pseudodyssynergia on pretreatment urodynamic studies was not predictive of treatment results. Conclusions. This preliminary study confirms that a formalized program of neuromuscular re-education of the pelvic floor muscles together with interval bladder training can provide significant and durable improvement in objective measures of pain, urgency, and frequency in patients with CPPS. (C) 2000, Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)951-955
Number of pages5
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 16 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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