Bioinformatics analysis of mortality associated with elevated intracranial pressure in children

Mark S. Wainwright*, Remigiusz Lewandowski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Multivariate data analyses have the potential to enrich the use of the complex plethora of data gathered in the care of critically ill patients. We sought to apply hierarchical cluster analysis to investigate factors affecting outcome in children with acute brain injury requiring ICP monitoring. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis on patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with ICP monitoring for management of acute brain injury between 2003 and 2008. We performed cluster analysis comparing survivors and non-survivors. We compared the area the under the curve (time and duration above a determined value) between groups. Results: We identified 32 patients among whom 8 died during hospitalization. Cluster analysis identified an association among CPP, PaCO2, and end-tidal CO2, and among ICP, central venous pressure, and lactate, in addition to other unexpected associations. Values (mean ± SD) for ICP in survivors (13.7 ± 7.9 mmHg) were lower than (42.7 ± 36.2) in non-survivors. Mean (59.4 vs 41.3), and minimum (47.3 vs 28.1) CPP were higher in survivors. The AUC for ICP was greater in the subjects who died and cluster analyses supported the importance of ICP and CPP related to outcome. Conclusions: The dose of abnormal ICP may contribute to outcome in insults that involve increased ICP. These results are proof of principle of the potential application of hierarchical clustering to the clinical practice of pediatric neurocritical care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIntracranial Pressure and Brain Monitoring XIV
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Wien
Pages67-73
Number of pages7
Edition114
ISBN (Print)9783709109557
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Publication series

NameActa Neurochirurgica, Supplementum
Number114
ISSN (Print)0065-1419
ISSN (Electronic)0001-6268

Keywords

  • Cerebral perfusion pressure
  • Cluster analysis
  • Intracranial-pressure
  • Outcome
  • Pediatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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