In this report, we describe the antitumor activity of A-289099, an indolyloxazoline derivative with antimitotic activity. A-289099 decreased the proliferation of a variety of cells with EC50 values ranging from 5.1 to 12.8 nM in a P-glycoprotein-independent manner. In cultured cells, microtubules depolymerized in a time- and dose-dependent manner when treated with A-289099. In competition-binding assays, A-298099 competed with [ 3H]colchicine for binding to tubulin (Ki = 0.65 μM); however, it did not compete with [3H]paclitaxel or [ 3H]vincristine. There was an accumulation of cells in G2-M after treatment with A-289099 for 8 h and a subsequent increase in a subdiploid population and an increase in caspase-3 activity, indicative of apoptosis after treatment for 24 and 48 h. The antitumor activities of A-289099 were evaluated using the syngeneic M5076 murine reticulum sarcoma flank tumor model. Animals size-matched for established tumors (∼350 mm3) were dosed p.o. (50 mg/kg every day) for 11 days starting on day 10 postinoculation. Tumors from A-289099-treated animals regressed throughout the 11-day dosing period with a percentage of the average treated-tumor-volume divided by the average vehicle-control-tumor-volume (% T/C) value of 11% after treatment for 7 days. Examination of tumor sections revealed an increase in internucleosomal DNA fragmentation or cell death within the central core after drug-treatment. A decrease in the perfusion of tumors was observed after drug-treatment that was localized primarily to the central core and closely associated with the regions of cell death. In summary, our findings indicate A-289099 is a promising, orally active tubulin-binding compound with antitumor activity in vivo.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Molecular cancer therapeutics|
|State||Published - Mar 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research